Museum für

35 years of M.F.F.

Now, we have been around for 35 years – When the M.F.F. Museum für Fotokopie first opened its doors on March 29, 1985, it was initiated by Klaus Urbons as a project for a period of five years, which has now turned into 35. The museum has been moved several times since then. It has grown, parts of the collection have been given to other houses, it has been relocated, fell into a beauty sleep and as part of the Makroscope e.V. woke up step by step back to its current full extent. We take this anniversary and all the improvements as the reason to firmly establish on the site and beyond its artistically and technically unique collection and to make it accessible online. In line with the anniversary of the M.F.F., we are launching our website on March 29, 2020!


Opening times

Every thursday, 4 – 7 p.m.
further dates by appointment


Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 48,
45468 Mülheim an der Ruhr

About the Museum

The M.F.F. Museum für Fotokopie is all about analog and digital reproduction or copiers – and the miraculous art that one can create with them.

The M.F.F. owns an internationally unique collection of copy art and the history of photocopy – it presents, researches, collects and documents. The museum understands itself as an artistic-technical platform and as a forum for theory and practice of the copy and its diverse influences on society, communication media and art. The collection includes copiers from over 240 years of technical history. The focus is on modern photocopying from the early 1950s to the first generation of digital photocopiers in the mid-1980s. Furthermore, the ever expanding Copy Art’s archive contains numerous works of well-known and lesser-known artists such as Guy Bleus, Anna and Bernhard Johannes Blume, Paulo Bruschky, Dore O., G.A.F. (Global Art Fusion – Joseph Beuys, Kaii Higashiyama, Andy Warhol), Wolfgang Hainke, Pati Hill, David Hockney, Daria Huddy, Sarah Jackson, Joseph Kadar, Jürgen O. Olbrich, Mark Pawson, Lieve Prins, Sonia Sheridan, The Rapid Publisher and Timm Ulrichs.

Supported by:

Legal Notice

M.F.F. Museum für Fotokopie

Klaus Urbons

Contact: info@museum-fotokopie.de

Telephone: +49 208 41198516


Contact Person

M.F.F. Museum für Fotokopie

Mari Lena Rapprich

Contact: marilena@museum-fotokopie.de


Makroscope e.V.

Contact: info@makroscope.eu


Managing director

Makroscope e.V.

Felix Möser

Contact: fmoeser@makroscope.eu

Telephone: +49 208 41198515

Makroscope e.V.

Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 48

45468 Mülheim an der Ruhr


Tax number: 120/5706/1180

Register court: Amtsgericht Duisburg

Register-Nr.: 5407


V.i.S.d § 55 Abs. 2 RStV,

Responsible Person:

Jan Ehlen

Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 48

45468 Mülheim an der Ruhr


Supported by:

Privacy Policy

The protection of your personal data is very important to us. We therefore process your data exclusively on the basis of the legal provisions (DSGVO, TKG 2003). In this Privacy Policy information we inform you about the most important aspects of data processing on our website.

Contact us

If you contact us by email, your data will be stored for six months for the purpose of processing the request and for the event of follow-up questions. We will not pass on this data without your consent.


Our website uses so-called cookies. These are small text files that are stored on your device using the browser. They do no harm. We use cookies to make our offer user-friendly. Some cookies remain on your device until you delete them. They enable us to recognize your browser the next time you visit. If you do not want this, you can set up your browser so that it informs you about the setting of cookies and you only allow this in individual cases. If cookies are deactivated, the functionality of our website may be restricted.


We do not use web analysis tools such as Google Analytics or eTracker.

Mailing list

You have the option to subscribe to our mailing list. For this we need your email address and your declaration that you agree to receive information and circular emails. As soon as you have subscribed to our mailing list, we will send you a confirmation email with a link to confirm your registration. If you no longer wish to receive any further emails from us, please send us your cancellation to info@museum-fotokopie.de. We will then immediately delete your data in connection with the mailing list.


You have the option of subscribing to our newsletter via our website. For this we need your email address and your declaration that you agree to receive the newsletter. As soon as you have registered for the newsletter, we will send you a confirmation email with a link to confirm your registration. You can cancel your subscription to the newsletter at any time. Please send your cancellation to the following email address: info@museum-fotokopie.de. We will then immediately delete your data in connection with the newsletter dispatch.

Your rights

You have the right to information, correction, deletion, restriction, data portability, revocation and objection. If you believe that the processing of your data violates data protection law or your data protection claims have otherwise been violated in any way, you can complain to the supervisory authority.

Liabilities for content

As a service provider, we are responsible for our own information that we have available for use in accordance with general laws.

Liabilities for links

Our offer contains links to external websites of third parties, the content of which we have no influence on. For this reason, we cannot accept any liabilities for this external content. The respective provider or operator of the pages is always responsible for the content of the linked pages. The linked pages were checked for possible legal violations at the time the link was created. No illegal content was discernible at the time the link was created.


The content and works on these pages created by the site operator are subject to German copyright law. Duplication, editing, distribution and any kind of use outside the limits of copyright law require the written consent of the respective author or creator. Downloads and copies of this page are only permitted for private, non-commercial use.

We support artistic and / or scientific research on request.

You can reach us using the following contact details:

M.F.F. Museum für Fotokopie
Makroscope e.V.
Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 48
45468 Mülheim an der Ruhr
Telefon: +49 208 41198516
E-Mail: info@museum-fotokopie.de


We are currently in the archiving and digitization phase: gradually, a comprehensive insight into our collection is created here. We have 35 years of museum history, at least 240 years of copying technology history, over 40 years of copy art, various ephemeral snapshots and countless encounters.


Art with the copier. Just push that button down.

The copy as original.

Copy Art established itself as an art form in the 1960s. In its beginning it took random “mistakes” and playful appropriation of the copier. In 60 years different approaches such as copy-motion, the copy generation or direct imaging developed.

Archive-No. MFF_000238
Archive-No. MFF_000238
ArtistSonia Sheridan
TitleSaying Goodbye


A technical revolution in everyday office life.

A copy of an original.

Modern copying technology made its breakthrough with Edith Weydes invention of the “Blitzkopie” , aka Agfa Copyrapid in the 1950s. The invention of xerography by Chester F. Carlson (Haloid-Xerox) was very successful at around the same time, however it was not celebrated until 1960 with the first “Xerox 914” copier. The xerographic photocopy is a fully automated photoelectric process for making a duplicate and for duplicating documents on uncoated paper. In contrast, the photochemical flash copy was not well suited for comparable automation or large runs of a template.

Archive-No. MFF_000002
Archive-No. MFF_000002